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2019考研复试:口语复习策略

2019年02月02日 来源:新东方在线

1.自我介绍(必须要准备的,最好自己写一下,偏重于自己的性格和能耐,少说些履历和获奖就是了)

2.我的家庭(最好准备一下,你家几口人,都是作什么的,父母对你准备考研的支持和帮助之类)

3.我的家乡(准备几句,多少年历史,有什么名胜,什么名人,什么特产)

4.为什么要考研(准备一下,最好说些中性的理由,比如提高自身知识基础,寻求自我发展)

5.上了研后的计划(必须要准备,简单说两三条就行了,比如先打好理论基础,再求实践问题)

6.你的原来所读学校,你大学时候所读的专业课(稍微准备一下)

7.你对于报考专业理解(老师是想考核一下你专业的水平,准备一些简单的专业词汇就好)

英语听力:

有的学校和专业需要考英语听力,一般都安排在专业笔试后的半个小时中。因为考试的内容特点,准备的内容你可以参照T的历年试题,如果没有可以用CET-6或者是往年英语初试的听力材料作个准备。在考听力的当天早晨一定要听听英语,就算没有认真听也没关系,英语听力的状态和环境会对你的发挥有所帮助

综合面试:

1.外表

2.心态

3.程序: 每个学校和专业的面试程序都不大相同,不过一般的讲,你准备下自我介绍(当然是中文的,多介绍自己的特质和能力,少说些履历和奖励),抽签回答的专业课问题,老师的追问,读了研究生的计划就可以了。时间一般要求是20分钟。

4.细节:进门先敲门,坐前先说谢谢,回答问题时候要面带微笑,记得关注主考官外适当照顾一下其他每一位老师,不会答要说会继续学习的,起身时要说希望再次见到各位老师,关门要轻声。这些细节多留意一下会给老师比较好的印象的。

专业笔试:

专业课的笔试一般都是补偿初试专业课中未有考核的内容专业课笔试的时间多为2个小时,题量可能比较大,注意调整做题速度,当然卷面也不要乱

研究生入学考试复试必考的五大问题:

考研面试过程中还有五大问题,是必考内容,一定要提前预习数十遍,一定要做到心中绝对有数,烂熟于胸才行。否则,你将来可就是地地道道的冤大头了。

1.姓名、年龄、从哪儿来?有无前科?

2.为什么要报考本学校的本专业?

3.你对这个专业的发展前景如何看待,机遇和挑战是什么?

4.你如果能够被录取,你打算作哪一方面的研究,为什么?

5.你认为你有什么保障,能够完成或胜任此研究?你觉得自己的强项和优势是什么?

自我肯定了后,一定要记得说自己的不足,一定要向自己崇拜的那些导师学习哈!

考研复试前如何准备英语听力和口语:

1、听说能力涉及专业问题

2、听力准备要提前预热:六级听力、托福听力和雅思听力应该是复习的重点

3、口语测试准备好话题:认真准备下面几个问题:一是自我介绍,如自己来自什么地方,毕业学校,所学专业,业余喜好,家庭基本情况等信息。二是做好用英语讲解自己专业的准备。口语测试时老师有可能要求你就本专业展开话题,考查你用英语讲解陌生概念的能力。

1.What’s your name?

2.Does your name have any special meaning?

3.Where do you come from?

4.What kind of landscape surrounds your hometown?

5.What is the climate like in your hometown?

6.Tell me something about the customs of your hometown.

7.What do you do during the Spring Festival?

8.What place in XXX do you like best? Why ?

9.What is the biggest problem you willface?

10.Could you tell me something about your family?

11.What social responsibilities should a post-graduate take?

12.Which kind of professor do you like best?

13.What does friendship mean to you? What kind of people do you make friend with ?

14.What is your major ?

15.How do you like your major?

16.When and where did you graduate? What qualifications have you obtained?

17.Could you sum up your own study habits in a few points?

18.What impressed you most when you were at university?

19.Do you think the subjects you are studying today are relevant to present-day society? Why ?

20.What difficulties do you think you’ll encounter in your studies?

21.What are your spare time interests?

22.Why did you choose our university?

23.If there were an opportunity of studying abroad, what would you do?

24.Should you study more theory or do more practice? Give your reasons, please.

25.In your opinion, what are the most serious problems associated with modern life?

26.How do you see yourself in ten years’ time?

27.What do you do for a living?

28.What will do if you cannot find a job after graduation ?

29.What do you regard as the most significant events in recent history?

30.What aspect of English do you find the most difficult?

考研复试口语六件必备武器

1.自我介绍(self-introduce)

Good morning. I am glad to be here for thisinterview. First let me introduce myself. My name is ***, 24. I come from******,the capital of *******Province. I graduated from the ****** departmentof *****University in July ,2001.In the past two years I have been preparingfor the postgraduate examination while I have been teaching *****inNO.****middle School and I was a head-teacher of a class in junior grade two. Nowall my hard work has got a result since I have a chance to be interview by you.I am open-minded ,quick in thought and very fond of history. In my spare time. Ihave broad interests like many other youngers. I like reading books, especiallythose ****.Frequently I exchange with other people by making comments in theforum on line. In addition ,during my college years, I was once a Net-bartechnician. So, I have a comparative good command of network application. I amable to operate the computer well. I am skillful in searching for informationin Internet. I am a football fan for years. Italian team is my favorite. Anyway,I feel great pity for our country’s team. I always believe that one will easilylag behind unless he keeps on learning .Of course, if I am given a chance tostudy ****** in this famous University, I will stare no effort to master a goodcommand of advance ******.

2.考研原因(reasons for my choice)

There are several reasons. I have beendeeply impressed by the academic atmosphere when I came here last summer. In myopinion, as one of the most famous ******in our country, it provide people withenough room to get further enrichment . This is the first reason. The secondone is I am long for doing research in ******throughout my life. Its a pleasureto be with my favorite ******for lifetime. I suppose this is the most importantfactor in my decision. Thirdly, I learnt a lot from my *****job during the pasttwo years. However, I think further study is still urgent for me to realizeself-value. Life is precious. It is necessary to seize any chance forself-development, especially in this competitive modern world. In a word, I amlooking forward to making a solid foundation for future profession after twoyears study here.

3.研究生期间你的计划(plans in the postgraduate study)

First, I hope I can form systematic view of*****. As for ******, my express wish is to get a complete comprehension of theformation and development as well as **************. If possible, I will go onwith my study for doctorate degree. In a word, I am looking forward to making asolid foundation for future profession after two years study here. (简单了一些,望高手补充)

4 .介绍你的家乡(hometown)

I am from , a famous city with a long history over 2,200 years. It is called “Rong Cheng ”becausethere were lots of banians even 900 years ago. The city lies in the easternpart of the province. It is the center of politics, economy and culture. Manycelebrities were born here, for instance, Yanfu, Xie Bingxin, Lin Zexu and so on . . You know, there is asaying that “The greatness of a man lends a glory to a place”. I think the cityreally deserves it. The top three artware are Shoushan Stone, cattle-horn combsand bodiless lacquerware. In addition, it is famous for the hot springs. They areknown for high-quality. Visitors at home and abroad feel it comfortable bathinghere. There is my beloved hometown.

5.你的家庭(family)

There are four members in my family; my parents, my cute cat of 9 years old andme. My father is a technician in the Fujian TV station. He often goes out onbusiness. So most of the housework is done by my industrious mom. Climbing atweekends is our common interest. The fresh air and natural beauty can help usget rid of tiredness. They can strengthen our relation, too. During mypreparing for coming here, my parents’ love and support have always been mypower. and I hope in future I will be able to repay them.

6.你的大学(university)

*********University is the oldest one in the province. It was founded in*******and covers an area of over********

如何把本来很差的英语包装得比较好?

这个你要首先知道他的题型弄清楚,考什么题目?分类是最好的办法口语考试的题目主要是这样几块,比如说第一块是自我介绍,自我介绍是第一大块。第二大块是问答,就是老师跟你提问题你回答。第三块比较难的就是话题的陈述,就是老师会给你一个话题,或者抽签,抽一个话题出来,这个话题一般都是比较难的话题,不是一些日常生活的话题,往往是一些,尤其考研的考试是一些成人世界的话题,比如环境污染,气候,或者安乐死,比较严肃的话题,让你用英语说两分钟,这个你看起来特别复杂,特别难。第四类题目是讨论因为特往往是两三个人一起考的,一个比较快,还有一个可以比较。那么讨论也是一种很大的题目。最后一种是描述,会给你一幅图或者一个表格,或者漫画图之类的,让你用英语描述一分钟左右的时间,主要是这五类,当然不会都考。

一、口试评分标准

第一大标准是发音,英语的发音,第二个标准就是词汇,起码要用到10、20个四级以上的单词才可以,第三个标准是逻辑性,第四个语言的连贯性

二、口试应试技巧及注意事项

我告诉大家一个方法很简单,你拿到一个话题之后,一定不要着急,拿到题目之后,不管什么题目,张口就说,你把眼睛睁大一点,做惊喜状,比如先说一句这是一个好问题,继续,这种语言很多的。这个问题我想了很久很久了,再比如说还有据我所知之类的,这种话你自己一定要总结出来十句话,废话很重要,但是也不能说很长,大概说15秒钟左右

提问题环节中老师易出的问题

第二个这个问题也不是没有办法,你只要动脑筋,用智慧,我给大家举个例子,这种题怎么弄,我有一个好方法,在参加复试之前的时候,一定要自己用英语准备至少三个专业的问题以及它的回答,这个很重要。

这有两类,一类是关于你个人的信息。你一定要准备全面,比如说你的个人经历,成功经历,失败经历,这个很重要。再比如说你的个人梦想,打算,读研的计划,甚至你的家乡,你的家人,大学的,你的本科的学校的情况,还比如说你是换专业考试的,为什么换专业考试?然后比如说你没换专业的,你对这个专业有什么认识,他会问到很多类似这样的问题,关于个人的信息一定要准备好,一定不要临时去想,因为临时想很难组织语言,除非你的口语特别厉害,没有一个人能做到这一点,临时想得很完美。第二个他可能问到一些专业类的问题,这个肯定会问的,很多学校都会问,用英语问专业的问题,这种问题怎么回答?这种问题很简单,确实难度比较高,比如你学数学专业的,或者理科物理的,他问专业的,你很可能这个词都不认识,这怎么办呢?这有两点要注意。第一点用英语问专业问题,没有一个老师会期待你有一个很好的回答,因为老师知道一个本科生是没有办法用英语来表述专业问题的。

考研复试听力的考察形式

两种,一种是四六级考试的题目,就是短问答,选择题这种的;第二种是用一篇长文章的听力,一种让你写大意,这个长文章的大意写出来,一种让你精听某一段,全段默写出来,这是第二种的。第三种就是问答,让你回答五六个问题之类的,所以说这是一个比较特殊的题型,针对第二种题型,我建议大家一定要多花一点时间,在考前的时候,一定要做一点长文章的精听,比如说精听一些字数不少于2千字的演讲稿

一定要事先准备好问题问考官,问什么问题呢?我告诉大家,准备两类问题。第一类,本专业领域比较前沿的问题。如果问你这个问题的老师是一个专业导师组的老师的话,你一定要准备一个在这个专业领域比较前沿的问题,最好是能够问到这个学校的导师组,他们所研究的方向的问题,这个问题老师特别喜欢听别人问,他能够表现这个同学很专注这方面的问题,还有另外一点,这种问题往往很难回答,导师他不可能会让你清楚,他可能大概跟你说一下什么情况,一笔带过,这就更好了。你说我希望可以以后跟您再请教一下,我还没有特别了解。第二类,向面试官请教问题。如果最后问你这个问题的人,你还有问题吗?如果并不是专业导师组的,而是英语系的老师,英语老师的话,那么这个时候,我想最佳的问题应该是问老师,你说老师,我很喜欢学英语,我很崇拜您的英语口语能力或者之类的,我想问一下老师,如何才能提高我的口语能力呢?一定不要追问不停。

当遇到专业性的问题时,学生应从哪儿能够把握这个问题的切入点?

专业问题都不用回答得非常的准确,大概把你的想法说一下就可以了,因为他根本就不会涉及到很准确的问题,因为他主要考语你的专业的本身,但是一定不要瞎说,这一点很重要,不会就是不会,很直白,就是不要瞎说,这个不好,因为他们是专业的专家。

如遇到词不会说时,考生应该怎么办?

两种方式用汉语说,第二个,在你思考的时候,一定要大量使用精典的废话来拖时间,说明你用英文在思考,这一点是要算分数的,第三个,如果你是在想表达一个英语的话,我建议你可以尝试着用一些从句,比如他意味着什么事情,用这样一个从句,用简单句解释这个。

英语口试自我介绍分解:

一、第一句话(first word)见到考官的第一句话,很关键,不用说的很复杂。

可以是一个简单句,但一定要铿锵有力。展示出自信和实力。千万不要来一句“sorry, my English is poor”.常见的开头有:1. Good morning! may I introduce myself ..2. I am glad to be herefor this interview. First let me introduce myself. I’mpeter white, my NO is …(北大清华等学校参加面试的考生很多,可能对考生有一个编号,说一下自己的编号显得很职业,也很正式。)

二、作自我介绍——成长经历(making aself-introduction ——developing history)

有很多学校要求做一个自我介绍,这一问题并非在请你大谈你的个人历史。考官是要在你的介绍中寻找有关你性格、资历、志向和生活动力的线索。来判断你是否适合读MBA。你可以先介绍一下成长的经历,出生地和毕业学校等内容。在这一部分要介绍的有些特色,让老师在听几十个人流水帐式的介绍中增加一点乐趣,就权且当作MBA人际关系管理的第一个挑战吧!I come from ******,thecapital of *******Province. I graduated from the ******* department of*****University in July ,1997. (很简单的一句话,一定要发音准确!要把毕业学校的英文准确名字搞清楚了。)

你可以借光一下家乡的名人,可以用这句高水平的话,展示高超你高超的口语。You know, there is a saying that “Thegreatness of a man lends a glory to a place”. I thinkthe city really deserves it.另外在介绍性格和爱好的时候,适合把家庭介绍结合在一起,可以说父母给了你哪些方面良好的影响。不要流水帐似的介绍家庭成员。可以这么说:Just like my father, I am open-minded ,quick in thought and veryfond of history. Frequently I exchange ideas with my family during super. Inaddition , during my college years, I was once the chairman of the StudentUnion. These work have urged me develop active and responsible characters.

在这里给出描述个人品质常用词汇的中英文对照,可以参考。able 有才干的,能干的 adaptable 适应性强的 active 主动的,活跃的aggressive 有进取心的 ambitious 有雄心壮志的 amiable 和蔼可亲的 amicable 友好的 analytical 善于分析的 apprehensive 有理解力的aspiring 有志气的,有抱负的 audacious 有冒险精神的 capable 有能力的,有才能careful 办理仔细的 candid 正直的 competent 能胜任的constructive 建设性的 cooperative 有合作精神的 creative 富创造力的dedicated 有奉献精神的 dependable 可靠的 diplomatic 老练的,有策disciplined 守纪律的 dutiful尽职的 well-educated 受过良好教育的efficient 有效率的 energetic 精力充沛的 expressivity 善于表达faithful 守信的,忠诚的 frank 直率的,真诚的 generous 宽宏大量的genteel 有教养的 gentle 有礼貌的 humorous 有幽默 impartial 公正的 independent 有主见的 industrious 勤奋的ingenious 有独创性的 motivated 目的明确的 intelligent 理解力强的learned 精通某门学问的 logical 条理分明的 methodical 有方法的modest 谦虚的 objective 客观的 precise 一丝不苟的 punctual 严守时刻的 elastic 实事求是的 responsible 负责的sensible 明白事理的 sporting 光明正大的 steady 踏实的 systematic有系统的 purposeful 意志坚强的 sweet-tempered性情温和的temperate 稳健的 tireless 孜孜不倦的

三、作自我介绍—职业发展(making a self-introduction ——career development)

这是很关键的一部分,也是MBA考官会重点考察的一部分。要把工作经历和MBA的学习以及职业发展方向作为一个整体来谈,让老师感到你选择MBA是一个理性的选择而不是一时冲动,选择MBA是职业发展中的一个必然选择,而不是因为找不到工作。你可以用这些句型:

1、In the past years, I’veworked at IBM as a software engineer. In my work, I found communication andmanagement is very important. I always believe that one will easily lag behindunless he keeps on learning. So I choose MBA! if I am given a chance to studyMBA in this famous University, I will stare no effort to master a good commandof communication and management skill.(在过去的几年中,我作为一个软件工程师在IBM工作。在工作中,我发现交流和管理非常的重要。我一直认为一个人很容易落后,如果不持续学习的话,所以我选择了MBA!如果我有机会在这个著名的大学学习MBA,我会不遗余力的掌握沟通和管理的技能。)

2.Held a post concurrentlyin Zhongxing CPA. from December,1998 to May,1999. and mainly worked onevaluating project finance and made up cash flow tables.(1998年11月至1999年5月在中兴会计师事务所兼职,主要从事财务评价、现金流量表的编制分析和产业的市场调查与跟踪研究等。)

3. Assistant to the GeneralManager of Shenzhen Petrochemical Industrial Corporation Ltd. Handled theitinerary schedule of the general manager. Met clients as a representative of thecorporation. Helped to negotiate a $5,000,000 deal for the corporation. (深圳石油化工集团股份有限公司总经理助理。安排总经理的出差旅行计划时间表。作为公司代表接见客户。协助公司谈成了一笔五百万美圆的交易。)

4. assistant to manager ofaccounting department of a joint venture enterprise. Analyzed data and relevantfinancial statistics, and produced monthly financial statements. (一家合资企业会计部门经理的助理。分析数据及相关财务统计数字,而且提出每月的财务报告。)

5. Production manager:Initiated quality control resulting in a reduction in working hours by 20%while increasing productivity by 25%.(生产部经理:引入质量控制,使工作时数减少了20%,而生产力则提高了25%。)

6. Staff member of ShanxiTextiles Import and Export Company. Handled import of textiles from Hong Kong,Macao, Taiwan. Increased sales by 25% from 1990 to 1993. Made frequent businesstrips to these places to negotiate with textile mills. (山西纺织品进出口公司职员。处理从香港、澳门、台湾进口纺织品事宜。从1990年到1993年增加了25%的销售额。经常出差到这些地方跟纺织厂商洽谈。

7. Tourist guide during thesummer vacation for Beijing International Travel Service. Conducted tours forforeign tourists on trip around the city. (暑假期间为北京国际旅行社当导游。负责外国旅客在城区的观光旅游。)

8. Sales manager. Inaddition to ordinary sales activities and management of department, responsiblefor recruiting and training of sales staff members. (销售部经理。除了正常销售活动和部门管理之外,还负责招聘与训练销售人员。)关于过去工作的描述是很重要的,同学们一定要熟记这些句型。要根据自己的工作经历改造这些句子。如果你的工作有过比较多的改变,你可以这样来描述原因:

9. Unfortunately I have hadto leave my position, as my employers have been forced to liquidate theirbusiness due to the worldwide economic adversity.(很不幸地,本人不得不离职,因这一次世界性的经济不景气,使我的雇主不得不结束业务。)

10.The only reason why I amleaving the present position is to gain more experience in a trading office. (本人之所以离开目前的工作岗位,唯一的理由是希望能在一家贸易公司获得更多的经验。)

11. I now wish to enter anoffice where the work requires greater individual responsibility and judgmentthan here, and where there is more opportunity for advancement. (目前,本人希望进入一家可以担负较大责任的公司,并希望能提供升迁机会。)

12. My reason for leavingthe company is that I wish to get into the advertising business. (本人离职的原因是希望在广告业方面有所发展。)

13.My reason for leaving my present employment is that I am desirous of gettingbroader experience in trading.(本人离职的理由:希望在贸易方面,能获得更广泛的经验。)

考研复试英语口试自我介绍万能模板

Goodmorning, my dear teachers, my dear professors. I am very glad to be here foryour interview. My name is ZhangQiang,I am 22 years old. I come from Nanjing, avery beautiful city. My undergraduate period will be accomplished in Tongjiuniversity in July, 2007; and now, I am trying my best for obtaining a key toXXX university.

Generally speaking, I am a hard-working studentespecially do the thing I am interested in. I will try my best to finish it nomatter how difficult it is. When I was sophomore, I found web design veryinteresting, so I learned it very hard. To weaver a homepage for myself, Istayed with my personnel computer for half a month, and I am the first one inmy class who own his homepage. Furthermore is a person with great perseverance.During the days preparing for the first examination insist on running everyday, no matter what the weather was like. And just owning to this, I couldconcentrate on my study and succeeded in the end.

Well, in my spare time, I like basketball, tennis andChinese chess. Also English is my favorite. Often go to English corner topractice my oral English on every Thursday, and write compositions to improvemy written ability. But I know my English is not good enough, I will continuestudying.

Ok, that is all, thank you for your attention.

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